New Hampton NH Science Class Observe Moose Check-in

It was great to see high school students from the New Hampton NH Science Class observing Biologists and Hunters alike while checking in that big Bull Moose last week. Maybe some Biologists in the making? The youtube below is the brief talk by  a NHFG Biologist.


The teacher Rebekka Joslin writes:

“Sorry for my delay in getting back to you about the pictures and movie from the moose checking station. Feel free to post those on your website! It was nice to meet you and thank you again for allowing the students to ask questions and learn from you guys and the biologist on site. Congratulations on a nice one!”

Yes Dave and Alan deserve congratulations for all the hard work they put into the hunt and to the Biologists dedicated to the Science.

Moose (Alces alces) are a valued source of protein among NH hunters and hunters worldwide.  And is a valued tourist magnet in northern New Hampshire providing needed revenue for the Northern Economy by hunters and viewers alike.




243 Winchester – A Great Starter Deer Cartridge with Well Constructed Bullets

The .243 Winchester is a great starter deer rifle cartridge as its recoil is very mild. Hand loaders get to see and read a lot about bullets, their specifications and their intended uses. The Hornady InterBond® is a bullet in .243 is designed for deer size game and for the .243 Winchester it appears at 87 grains bullet weight.

6mm .243 85 gr InterBond®

This bullets lead core is bonded to the gilding metal jacket so it will mushroom in a controlled manner in deer size game. The Gildng Metal Xpanding bullet (GMX®) is solid gilding copper and also mushrooms in a controlled manner in deer size game.

6mm .243 80 gr GMX®

The next step down in cartridges like the .223 and smaller the Hornady InterBond and the GMX are absent. Why? I believe that Hornady is defining the threshold in deer killing reliability at the .243/6 mm level. The same is true for Nosler as well where their AccuBond® Long Range is 90 grains below.


Next is the  Nosler e-Tip® below with green tip  is like the GMX from Hornady see the ballistic gel test below. It will blow you away!



In open spaces the .243 Winchester really shines, like field hunting for deer out to 300 yards. What it is not is a heavy brush cartridge. The bullet mass in insufficient and is subject to loss of mass and direction of travel after glancing on a branch or sapling.

Given these brush limitations the cartridge with these bullets can down a coyote or varmint past 600 yards if you have the skill to make the shot or a deer out to 300 yards. I have written several articles for you to brush up on with the .243 in New Hampshire Rifleman so check them out. I own the Ruger American in .243 and love it. It shoots 90 grain e-tips like the GMX inside one inch at 100 yards and at just over 300 dollars it is a bargain!  © 2013

New Hampshire Hunters Bag a Really Big Bull Moose

Today, Wednesday October 23, 2013 and I haven’t heard a thing about the Moose Hunt so I decided to take a drive with my Nikon camera to the New Hampton Moose Registration Station just south of Plymouth NH to see what’s happening.

I arrived around 11:30 AM to observe a Moose being checked it.  It was huge!  It had a whopping 53 inch spread. The hunters were Dave Deluca who made the first kill shot and Alan Michalowski with a follow-up shot to the neck.  The Moose fell dead right there.

Dave and Alan were up  for the past 16 hours and either gutting,cutting, dragging, or caping out this monster with no sleep.

What a terrific hunting team they made.  Dave credits Alan with his excellent taxidermy prep. caping skills. They seemed no worse for wear as they were all smiles as I snapped photo’s and took video while getting their story. The NHFG Biologist’s were very helpful and informative to all of us. Listen to the initial video clip below. You can maximize the clip by clicking on the box at right in the clip.

Oct 23 2013 Moose at New Hampton check station 1

The bulls live weight is estimated at 800 pounds. Antler spread was a whopping 53 inches.The age is estimated at 4 1/2 years.

Rifle/Cartridges for Dave was .270 Winchester with 150 grain bullets and for Alan a .308 Winchester with 180 grain Silvertips. Nice! (Editor Note: Go to my June 2013 Archive to read more on Moose and Cartridges).

Below the NHFG Biologist says Ahhhh and ages the Moose by its teeth. If you can see the red bar in his hands he is prying the mouth open wide so he can get a good look inside.


A local high school biology class was there to observe too. I promised the teacher, I would send photo’s of her students in observation of the Biologists. Not shown as she needed to get permission for me to use them.


The Hunting story as Dave and Alan recall it was Yesterday October 22, 2013 at 3:40 in the afternoon in Unit G.  Dave and Alan were hunting in the same area that this duo shot another giant Bull Moose 10 years ago. Wow!

They crested a rise deep in the woods and there in front of them was a 4 1/2 year old monster bull bedded down about 70 yards away. It was Dave’s tag but instead of shooting right away he began to fiddle with the HD Camera attached to his rifle according to his partner Alan. Alan was getting nervous with the camera fiddling that Dave was doing. It was around that time that the saw the other two monster bulls bedded beside the one they were going to shoot. What! Let me say that another way. There were three bulls all about the same size bedded together. Yes Really!!! Here it is in their own words in the youtube clip below.

Initially, Alan and Dave only saw the one Bull directly in front of them. I can’t say that I blame them, he was huge! I suspect when the other bulls started moving antlers that the hunters were truly shocked.

Dave shot first while the Moose was still bedded. Then all heck broke loose and Alan followed up with a neck shot and the Moose fell dead. I assume the other two Bulls left in a hurry. Alan says he has the info and photo’s of their last Moose Hunt so we will post that story too. More to come!!


Fall New Hampshire Bear Hunt


By Alan E. Lutz

Bear season opens on the first of September in New Hampshire.  Alan Lutz, Vice President of the New Hampshire Wildlife Federation had the pleasure of hunting with guide Mitch Filson of Cast and Blast Guide Services.  Mitch had set up his bait sites soon as the season opened.  One of the sites was located adjacent to a dairy farmer’s corn crop.  Unfortunately for the farmer, the bears were making quite a feast of the corn, having knocked down nearly a quarter acre of this important feed crop for his cattle.

After checking the bait sites for several days to insure the bears were actually visiting the bait, Mitch gave the author a call to set up the time and day for the hunt.  Alan met Mitch around 3:00 in the afternoon and proceeded to the farmer’s property.  Alan parked his truck and joined Mitch who drove him near the stand he had set up earlier.  By the time clothes were changed, rifle loaded and the tree stand entered, it was nearly 4:00 pm.  The stand gave a clear view of the bait site along with a good view of the two spots in the corn where the bears had been feasting.  Mitch gave clear instructions to be quiet and, most importantly, to “keep your head on a swivel.”  As Mitch indicated, bears are very quiet when walking through the woods as the author soon found out.

Every so often Alan would make a full scan of the surroundings.  He would look to the right into the woods, back to the left into the corn and around to the bait site directly in front.  At around 6:55 pm he was making his scan and when coming around from the left towards the bait site, he noticed something dark at about the 10 o’clock position. It was a bear …and it wasn’t far away, maybe 30 yards.  At this point all he could clearly see was the hind quarters so he knew the bear would not see the Weatherby 30-06 being raised into position.  As the gun was raised, the bear sensed something was amiss and turned left and began to slowly walk away.  Fortunately for Alan, this brought the bear into a perfect position for a shot.  The crease behind the shoulder stood out clearly as the shot was made.  The 180 grain Nosler Partition dropped the bear in its tracks.  A 173 lb. female.

bear hunt photo

After several minutes of adrenaline and heart pounding excitement, a call was made to Mitch who showed up rather quickly with his ATV.  After a few photos were taken the bear was transported to Mitch’s truck.  The bear was field dressed and loaded up.

The end of an exciting bear hunt in the great state of New Hampshire!

Editor’s Note: Reprinted with the Authors permission. Alan is a long time friend of mine and also hunted Africa with the same outfitter as I did. Nice Bear! Congratulations Alan!

The Whitetail Rut is Here

If you are a bowhunter you should have been in your treestand before light. The bucks are on the prowl for does coming into heat. Yes it is early but a few does coming into heat early is all it takes for bucks to go crazy and let their guard down. Calls work, rattling works, scents work and best of all combinations work. For every day that gets closer to the Rut peak which is somewhere in mid November the bucks are on the prowl for a hot doe in estrus. The breeding drum beats louder with each day closer to the peak.

Deer gather in fields and open areas at night to be seen and smelled by breeding deer. Long before light the bigger bucks will leave the fields/open areas and head back to their bedding areas. Look for scrapes, rubs and trails try to build a travel corridor from what you see from suspected bedding areas to feeding areas. The best tree stands are going to be in the woods and away from the fields.

A mistake of early detection by big bucks will cost you. You will likely never see that buck again in daylight. Lesser bucks yes, does yes. Mature bucks no! A mature buck did not become mature by making mistakes. There are many mature bucks that live and die that you will never see because they are never in daylight walking around.

Most mistakes deal with your body odor or your stand placement and your foot/boot odor on a deer trail. Spray your boots every time you enter the woods and keep your hunting boots away from pets and the kitchen odors. Spray your clothes each time you enter the woods. Keep your scent at minimum each time and every time you hunt if you want to maximize your chances of a bow shot. I have made all the mistakes and still do, though I try. Breaking twigs under foot can undo your efforts as well so approach your tree stand as if there is a deer near it. Make as little noise as possible. Be aware that deer do look up if they have been hunted before from tree stands. I had a big buck in Pennsylvania that spotted me every time no matter what I did. I had one chance early on, where he chased a doe under my stand but there was so much brush over his head that I could not shoot for fear of arrow deflection or worse a wounded deer. I let him go. What a buck!

If you are scouting for rifle season or Muzzleloader stay away from tree stands of other hunters. Give them the respect that you would want if the roles were reversed. By staying away from these stands you also keep scent away from them.

Crossing trails with other hunters on the ground in the deer woods during gun season gives me an opportunity to greet your fellow hunter see if they are alone or with others. Occasionally, you might get a response that they jumped a deer on the way in or some tidbit that gives you a hunting edge. Let’s be respectful of our hunting brethren and sisters too. Good Hunting! © 2013

The Quigley Tradition Lives Today – Quigley 2014

Most all shooters of rifles have heard of Matthew Quigley made famous by Tom Selleck in the Movie “Quigley – Down Under.” An American Hero of Mine. Wanna go to a Quigley Shoot? Better yet shoot in one. You can!

You can purchase a sharps from The Actual Quigley Rifle is an 1874 Sharps Buffalo Rifle made for Quigley. Yes it is a very expensive rifle. Maybe I will buy one when I get the money up someday. Got to love that double set trigger and 34 inch barrel not to mention the aperture sight.



Military Buttstock
Patch Box
No Cheek rest
No Pistol Grip
Standard Grade Wood ONLY
34″ Heavy Octagon Barrel
45/70 or 45-110 Caliber
Pewter Tip
Hartford Collar
Double Set Triggers
Semi Buckhorn Rear Sight
#109A Aperture Card
Midrange Vernier Tang Sight
#111 Globe Aperture Front Sight
Antique or Std Color Finish (specify)
2 or 3 Gold Inlay Initials in Gold Oval

Course you can get Engraving Too. Wait till I wipe the drool from my chin…Can you say magnificent!

Quigley was all American born and raised. Like you and me and Tom Selleck. He is today what John Wayne was to my generation.

A Quigley Tradition Lives Today – Quigley 2014


    The Matthew Quigley Buffalo Rifle Match for 2014 will be held on 14 and 15 June, 2014.  The information flyer will be out by the end of January and will be emailed or physically mailed to all shooters in our database.

Tom Selleck attends the Shoot every year and authorizes the shoot and signs your award.




Christmas gift forever – Hand Loading Equipment

Do you shoot Pistol as well as Rifle?

Are you tired of buying what is on the shelf at the gun shop when you wanted something different.

I began loading rifle cartridges such as the .270 Winchester, .308 Winchester, 30-06 and Pistol cartridges such as 45 Long Colt and 45 ACP, 38 Special, 40 cal etc. Below is my reloading bench. It is great quiet time.

reloading table

Want to shoot tighter groups and more ammo?  If you shoot at Action Shooting competition, reloading is a must. Save money too? Yes!

Well tell Santa you want a Progressive Reloading Kit. Below is the RCBS 2000 Auto Index Progressive Press. There are other manufacturers that you can look for on your own such as Dillon,Hornady, Lee etc. See my reloading menu at the home page.


Cost to get started is around 600 dollars or so for a Progressive Press or a single stage for less money. What can a kit with a Progressive press really  do?

Once you have mastered the use of the Progressive press you can crank out your 45 ACP rounds or your 40 cal. at about 500 rounds an hour. It costs a few pennies per case and they will last for dozens of reloads. Reloads tailored for you and your specific pistol.

Can you just imagine creating 1000 rounds in a couple hours. Holy Mackerel! You can even mold your own bullets and save more per shot and shoot more. More on that at another time.

Bullet heads for pistol are bought in bulk by 100 or by 500. Pistol Primers are bought in bulk too by 100 or by 1000. Powder is purchased by the pound. Store primers and powder in a cool safe area.

I own the Rockchucker Single Stage Press and have loaded pistol and rifle Cartridges for 30 years. It is not super fast but it is super quality.  See the utube below.

You will need a clean workbench to do your reloading. Reloading my own ammo gives me tremendous satisfaction because I did it myself. I have hunted Plains Game in Africa and loaded all my ammo for that trip in .338 Win Mag and .270 Winchester using Nosler Partition Ammo.

Here are some examples why I reload.

45 ACP Case cost over the life of the case is a fraction of a penny.

Powder for 45 ACP is around 5 grains. In a pound of powder you get 1400 rounds at a cost of .6 cents per round.

Primers cost $2.50 per 100 or 2.5 cents per round.

Jacketed Bullets for 45 cal are 100 dollars per 1000 rounds or 10 cents per shot or less.

All totaled it cost 13 cents per shot or 13 dollars per 100 rounds and your time. But I get to choose the powder and the weight and shape of the bullet. The cost per shot can change rapidly as you change from lead to jacketed or to hollow points of various brands.

I load up .375 Ruger for deer hunting. There is no commercial cartridge that exists for it. So reloading is a must. I can load it down so that it is a bit faster and hotter than a typical Muzzleloader. You can tune your loads to your rifle and instead of 1.5 inch groups you can shoot 1/2 inch groups if you experiment with a reloading book in hand.

My .375 Ruger shoots 5/8 inch groups at 100 yards with my hand loads at full power with 260 grain Nosler AccuBonds. My .270 Winchester, the same with a particular bullet, seating depth, powder volume and brand. You must be willing to read and follow directions.

Rifle cartridge tuning to your rifle ensures far better accuracy than store bought ammo especially if you shoot long range rifle competition such as F Class 600 or 1000 yards competition. I have shot documented 3 inch vertical groups at 600 yards with the .375 Ruger with my hand loads. Do that with any ammo off the shelf!

I hold a SCI Gold Record Book Eastern Cape Kudu with one of my .338 Win Mag hand-loads with a 250 grain Nosler Partition. The Kudu was somewhere  in the 150 to 200 yard range. My son Jason shown with me shot Record Book quality Impala with my .270 Winchester hand loads. One shot kills! Talk about satisfaction! Wow! Jason is a hand-loader for pistol and rifle as well. He is simply wild about reloading! Get with it!OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

kudu for web


Good Shooting, Reloading and Hunting! © 2013


Rifle Shooting Practice for Deer Hunting – Updated

I like to shoot tight groups from a bench rest at 100 yards it makes me feel good. But honestly it does me little good when it comes time to deer hunt.

Practice for deer hunting is best performed after your rifle has been bench tested for groups at the distances you are going to hunt.

Here in New England the average shot at a deer with a rifle is around 40 yards or so. At my club, the range I can place targets are typically in increments of 25 yards. So the 50 yard mark should be ideal to shoot off hand at a target with no specific bullseye painted on it. The kill zone is basically an 8 inch circle but practice with a 6 inch area behind the shoulder and centered on the lungs. A double lung shot provides the largest vitals area see the website above.


I like to take cardboard and create the chest/neck area of a deer. I sometimes draw a deer chest that goes left and one that goes right in the same image. In the images I am sure to create the neck chest and front leg and elbow joint which are key landmarks for your rifle whether with open sights or with scope. The front leg of a deer has that pointed elbow joint at the base of the chest.


I use that leg/joint in a broadside shot to position my crosshairs just behind it and above it so the point of aim is a bit below the center axis of the body and just behind the leg. A hit in this location is in the center of the lungs and into the arteries just above the heart. This gives you some radial error of a few inches for adrenaline, being slightly off the mark etc. and still make a great clean shot to Vital organs.

delta deer small image

This a paper target from Delta that I use at 50 yards with rifle and 20 yards with Bow.

Should you have a desire to attempt a shot at a walking deer, like I do, then it is important to practice shooting at moving targets as well. Balloons that move 6 inches on the target in the wind are a great way to learn your trigger’s breaking point.

As much as it is fine to shoot fast shots in tight groups, it is the first shot that counts. Everything else is secondary. How long it takes you to get that shot off is equally important.

I time myself with the a five second practice sequence with the safety at full on. Counting begins with the word Go and then count one-thousand one, one-thousand two etc. At 50 yards it takes me 4 seconds to get the shot off with accuracy. Or have the friend time you from spotting a deer you want to shoot and the time it takes to bring your gun up to your shoulder take it off safety and make the shot. Try to improve this time sequence.

Of course there is no adrenaline so that factor is missing. Dry fire is valuable as well. Before live fire you can do the drill and see where your cross-hairs end up when the firing pin falls. You are training your upper arm muscles to obey minor changes to get a shot dead center and feeling where the trigger breaks as well.

Practice with the clothing you are going to hunt with when hunting time is near. If there is a shooting concern with clothing you can resolve it before going afield. It is great to practice with a hunting partner as well to spot mistakes.

Recoil reduction is key to deer hunting for all hunters so a state of the art recoil pad will help the expert as well as the novice. Both Sims Limb Saver® and the Pachmayr Decelerator® have a great recoil pad and even a slip-on style recoil pad. Use them! You will be glad you did.

I have endorsed them for years and don’t want to own a rifle without one.

Make a pact with yourself to try the stand and timed fire sequence! It will bring home the venison this fall!

In addition to this valuable practice, veteran deer hunters still hunt and stop periodically where there is a strategic view and have a tree nearby to brace their rifle against for a steadier shot at approaching game. Remember to have the wind either in your face when still-hunting or cross winding your body.  ©


Whitetail Deer Hunting – Take the Quiz

Whitetail Deer Hunting Quiz (Firearms) Season

As a former Hunter Education Instructor, this quiz I developed this morning is intended for your entertainment and learning about you the hunter, the deer and safety. It is encouraged that hunters periodically refresh themselves with the comprehensive NHFG Hunter Education Program. On line courses are available in 2014 see the site below.

Quote From NHFG Hunter Education page:

Today’s hunters are going into the field knowing how to hunt safely, responsibly and ethically. Coupled with the voluntary use of hunter orange clothing, Hunter Education has dramatically helped to reduce the number of hunting-related firearms incidents in the field.”

I use hunter orange in Muzzleloader season and Firearms deer Season and so do all my hunting friends. Safety First! 360 degrees of visibility is recommended with a hat and vest.

Question 1.

Of all a deer’s senses which one should be of most concern to the hunter?

A. None. A deer uses all senses equally.

B. Ears – Hearing

C. Nose – Smell

D. Eyes – Seeing

E. Feeling – Footsteps shaking the ground.

Question 2

A Buck has how many glands that secrete the bucks Identity?

A. 2 Urine and Interdigital Gland

B. 3 Interdigital, Preorbital, Tarsal

C. 4 Urine, Interdigital, Preorbital, Tarsal, Metatarsal

D. 5 Interdigital, Preorbital Tarsal, Metatarsal and Forehead

Question 3

How many glands are often used by a buck in making a scrape?

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4

E. 5

F. 4 sometimes 5


Question 4

In general a buck rub that is made on a small 1/2 inch sapling on one side indicates that the buck is small because larger bucks need larger trees and often damage the sapling too? True or False

Question 5

A fresh buck rub on a 2 inch thick tree made near the top of a hill where the rub mark is on the downward side  and the upward side of the hill tells you what?

A. That the buck is marking his territory.

B. That the buck is bedded nearby.

C. Telling other bucks to beware!

D. Bedded at the bottom of the hill

E.  AB and C.

Question 6

Deer use open spaces like sandpits and fields at night for identifying each other by sight and smell and by track size and interdigital gland (between the hoof) scent. Which gland or sense is more out of place in the list below?

A. Smell

B. Interdigital

C. Preorbital

D. Track size

Question 7

If you are taking a stand to see deer, should you;

A. Stand at a crest near a tree to see in all directions

B. Stand in the hollow of a hill but on the deer trail to keep from being seen

C. Stand where there is at least 90 to 180 degrees of visibility but near a tree and the wind at your back.

D. Stand where there is at least 90 to 180 degrees of visibility near a tree and the wind in your face or quartering in your face.

Question 8

If you are hunting/stalking into the oncoming wind and you smell a strong musty odor, it is likely.

A. A deer metatarsal Gland

B. A Buck and its Tarsal Gland

C. A fresh Buck Scrape

D. B or C or E

E. A hunter with a scent canister

Question 9

It is Muzzleloader season and a legal deer steps out at 40 yards and you shoot but the cloud of belching smoke obscures your vision. To see the deer after the shot, you should:

A.  Look under the smoke cloud for movement.

B. Run to the side of the smoke

C. Wait till the smoke clears

D. Run towards the deer and put the smoke behind you

Question 10

If you are walking down a logging road to your deer stand in shotgun season for deer and the wind is at your back, you should.

A. Try an alternate route to where you are going.

B. Move quickly and quietly to your stand

C. Go home

D. Not expect a deer to approach from down wind.

E. A, B, and D

Question 11

Several hunters are hunting along an old logging road and a deer steps out onto the logging road, you should;

A. Shoot

B. Not Shoot

C. Be sure it is safe to shoot. Determine what is in front of, and behind your intended target before you shoot.

D. Shout to your friends that you are going to shoot

Question 12

You determine that you no longer are sure of the way out of the woods you should.

A. Look for moss on trees to tell which way is out

B. Stay calm and stay put, analyze your situation, pull your map and compass out then determine if you are still lost.

C. Walk 100 more yards in each direction

D. Panic and shout

Question 13

The first thing you should do when your deer is down and you determine it is dead. You should.

A. Fire your rifle three times

B. Call your buddies

C. Tag your deer

D. Gut your deer

Question 14

You oversleep. Hunting later at 10 am is a bad idea because all the deer are bedded. True or False.

Question 15

You are an older hunter and you have had serious life threatening medical issues you should.

A. Stop Hunting

B. Hunt with others that know your condition and can support you.

C. Have emergency communication, and medicines for emergencies

D. Know emergency contacts

E. Let others know where you are exactly.



Q1 C. Nose – Smell

Q2 D. 5 glands

Q3 F 4 sometimes 5    Note: the metatarsal gland is the least used gland. see

Q4 True. Bigger trees that are rubbed usually mean bigger bucks and antlers

Q5 E. All above. Bucks often bed on a high ridge to smell the air thermals as they rise. This buck rubs the tree on the way into bed and as he heads down at night. This is a prime hunting area if you can get in while it is very dark. Stay off the deer trail and try to hunt it from the side, heed the wind direction for your setup. This is an older buck.

Q6 C. The preorbital gland is in the tissue surrounding the base of the eye socket. And I believe it is not used as readily as the tarsal and interdigital glands in fields and sandy areas were vision is important. I created this question knowing that you would research this more.

Q7 D. Stand where there is at least 90 to 180 degrees of visibility near a tree and the wind in your face or quartering.

Q8  D.) B, C or E.  In deep woods It is more likely that you are smelling a buck just in front of you. It may also be a hunter with a scent canister so beware.

Q9 A.) Look under smoke for movement

Q10 E.) AB and D Watch the wind remember “smell” is the deer’s best defense.

Q11 C. Safety First. Be sure it is safe to shoot. Determine what is in front of, and behind your intended target before you shoot.

Q12 B. Stay calm and stay put, analyze your situation.

Q13 C. Tag your deer

Q14 False The hunter who sleeps in can then hunt the mid day 10-2 pm when other hunters are out of the woods. Big bucks have been killed thinking that the hunters have left.

Q15 F.) BCDE Be prepared for all emergencies.


Want to try another quiz?






Top 5 Deer Rifle Cartridges for New England – Updated for 2017

This  is my Top 5 Cartridge List is for hunters who do not hand load and want access to cartridges at any Ammo store.

New England is a mix of heavy cover and transitional farm land. That said, lighter, more frangible bullets limit the shooter to open spaces. A 100 grain bullet that hits a twig at 3000 fps is not going to stay on the intended path for long.

My Number one New England rifle cartridge choice for hunting in heavy cover or open spaces is the 30-06 Springfield. It can shoot bullets from 100 grains all the way up to 220 grains. Best deer killing bullet weights in moderate cover are from 150 grains to 180 grains. 

My Number two New England Choice is the .270 Winchester with 130 and 150 grain bullets. The parent cartridge is the 30-06 case. If I were hunting heavy cover, this would not be my second choice. Works well in moderate cover to open space.

My Number three Choice is the .308 Winchester and does nearly all the 30-06 can do in all field conditions. Best bullets in 165  to 180 grain weights.

My number four Choice is the 7mm-08 which is like the .270 Winchester but just slightly less powerful. The parent cartridge is the .308 Winchester case. Good choice of Bullets for all field conditions. Best bullets in the 140 to 160 grain weights.

My number 5 choice is the 30-30 Winchester. It is a proven deer killer and has taken more deer than perhaps any other round. It is good for moderate and heavy cover at 150 grain bullets that are flat or round nose. Great in Lever action.

Bullet choices are tops with a bonded core or an expanding gilding copper bullet. This is so because these bullets do not shed much weight as they mushroom in shape.  All other lead bullets work well but may shed more copper and lead in the deer if velocities are too high such as 2700 fps and higher and damage edible meat.

For young hunters or new hunters it is all about recoil. Shoot a rifle such as the 243 Winchester with 80 grain bullets or so. Or an above caliber with a Pachmayr decelerator recoil pad or a Sims Vibration Lab Recoil Pad. This will cut felt recoil in half. © 2013

Update for 2017 is that the 6.5 Creedmoor. I predict, will, in time, become a top 5 cartridge as it will replace the 7mm-08 and 243 for young and new hunters and become a favorite for all hunters and target shooters. Very low recoil! Very high Sectional Density for penetration.