Coyote Hunting Gear – SIG Echo I Reflex Thermal Scope -by Ed Hale

Yes Persistence pays but just not yet. I’m tryin’ in daylight.

Night hunting with thermal scopes can be very effective. One such thermal scope on the market that I have seen but not yet tested is the SIG Echo I for around $1150 instead of $3000 to $9000  for other brand models.

Sig Sauer ECHO1 1-2x Thermal Reflex Sight w/Batteries, Graphite, SOE11011

You can see the SIG Echo 1 at the SIG Pro shop in Epping/ Exeter NH.

If I can get one to test I will write an article. See NHFG for requirements for night hunting below. 


Night or day you can make mistakes!

Here is a website that may help us all.

Good Hunting!


Familiarity with my AR-15 in the Yote Woods Helps!

I am first and foremost, a hunter, more specifically a big game hunter. The AR-15 in .223 with a 55 grain pill does not add up for me as a big game weapon, but for Coyotes it is fabulous if you can get these smart song-dogs to stick their head out. My son gave me a Colt upper back in 2016 and I wrote lots about combining it with a Mil-Spec. lower unit. I disliked the stock trigger so I added a 2 stage Timney Trigger and tested it. See below. Wow! What a difference the Timney made!

New Timney Trigger Install on My AR-15

I put a scope on recently for yote hunting that had low rings and was uncomfortable with my cheek line up. I did not want to spend money on more rings so I put my best scope, a Leupold VX-6 3-18 and Leupold MK2 IMS mount for 30mm tube back on it as you see this photo. “LOVE MY LEUPOLD” As before sent some factory 55 grain FMJ pills down range at 100 yards at sub-moa groups. Since I have been out in the woods just three times this winter with my AR, I find that I am more comfortable in my handling practices and a sling. Taking the AR for a walk helps me know the best way to handle, cradle or sling it as I hunt.

Just got to get a Yote in my sights. They are not stupid here in New Hampshire. And yes they have some wolf genes!

Note: An AR-15 is a fine rifle for self-defense and home protection provide I train with it and shoot it regularly. There are lots of clubs offering training as do my friends at the Sig Sauer Academy in Epping, NH. Check them out and see the add I have for them on my front page!

Soon off  on some well deserved vacation in the sunshine state and will swap a rifle for a fishing rod, sun block and time with my lovely wife.

Good Shooting!

© 2018

Calls for Coyote Hunters

Coyote calls come in mouth calls and electronic calls of every shape, size and cost. Here is a sampling of just a few. Good Hunting!

Below is an electronic Johnny Stewart Caller With Remote.that has several Coyote prey animals. The key here is set up, no movement and be sure you are down wind say the experts. Coyotes want to circle you if possible to catch your scent.

I own a similar model and it works with remote out to 100 yards.Costs about $37 on sale.

Jonny Stewart Predator Call

Jonny Stewart Predator Call

Midwayusa has the Primos Randy Anderson Coyote Female whimper predator call for $14 plus shipping. It comes with CD instruction.

See all of Randy’s calls at Primos

PRIMOS HUNTING - Female Whimper™

Knight and Hale Calls

Heckln Howler Coyote Call


Below is the Foxpro Wildfire

FOXPRO Wildfire WF!




Time to hunt New Hampshire Coyote’s

A New Hampshire Coyote

A New Hampshire Coyote

Now is the time to hunt Coyotes here in the Northeast say the experts. I am not an expert Coyote hunter, just a ticked off deer hunter giving more venison to coyotes. The New Hampshire deer herd has been impacted to a measurable degree as deer sightings are few and far in between. If you got your deer, congrats! I let the two smaller deer in my sights go this fall. What was common however was to see Coyote scat and tracks on every trail this fall. This scat is territorial marking by Coyotes and often more than one was following a deer. Since deer are so scarce and the Coyotes so prevalent, it should be an opportunity to shoot your rifle even in Southern NH. I highly recommend you go onto you-tube on the internet and see as many Coyote hunting videos as you can. Especially eastern hunts for coyotes in the kind of terrain you will be hunting in. What I have gleaned from these videos and talks on hunting them, I will share here. Perhaps you can write back to me and share your thoughts with NH Rifleman readers too. Get you NH hunting license at and read up on Coyote hunting rules.

First, like deer,detection of movement and smell are of prime importance says one expert thus your positioning to the wind and to remain still is critical. Camo is important but these are first. Placing your stand downwind from where you expect to see coyotes is critical because coyotes often try to circle downwind to detect you and you can then detect their approach hopefully first. I use a face mask like I do for turkey hunting. If you want to go white to look like snow then you are going to blend but I think a poncho of simple white is cost effective and will not kill your check book. You can purchase white camo yardage for $ 5.99 a yard or less. You can also use an old white sheet or such for free.

Second, that your howling call, to call them in, needs to be practiced in accordance with what a real coyote will sound like, so listen to recordings and experts. See you-tube videos.  Many callers will bark once and howl, followed by two barks and a howl. Better yet is to have two callers with different howls thus making the call series perhaps more enticing.

Electronic calls are excellent like the dying rabbit or a bird or a mouse etc. Hand held mouth calls for howling and dying animals are also excellent. Below is a you tube worth watching.


Third, that you are ready perhaps with a shooting stick to steady your rifle. Calibers can be the same you hunt deer but many choose smaller calibers such as a potent 22 caliber long rifle or the .223 in an AR like rifle or a .243 Winchester in your favorite manufacture like Savage model 110 or perhaps the Ruger American. Shoot the ammo you have for it unless you are all-in-full into the hunting of predators. I will use my Ruger American in .243 Winchester. It is sub-moa accurate and is very cost effective as a rifle and the ammo too. See my article on the Ruger American in the history part of NH Rifleman.

Here is another coyote video to get you excited by a young man called the Coyote Kid. He uses the Firestorm by Foxpro. About $200 for this electronic call. His rifle is a Weatherby in 243 Winchester with 65 grain heads.


If you are hunting in thicker woods use a 12 gauge with 00 buckshot too. I will check back in this winter. Not an easy thing but we CAN do it if we work at it!


Go get em! Good Hunting! © 2014



Coyote Talk

coyote in winter

Post Deer Season, hunters can hunt Coyotes with rifle in most parts of Southern NH (See NHFG for Details). Coyotes, I believe are eating the fawn crop as fast as they drop. Deer hunting in southern NH is about as poor as I have ever seen. I saw a yearling with its mother this hunting season with no other sightings of any deer of any kind front or back side. I spent perhaps 40 woods hours at prime time to see these 2 deer. Yet at the same time, I observe coyote tracks on one specific smaller deer, likely a doe in estrous in Mid November and followed her everywhere. Some research on the web indicates that Coyotes do not den up unless raising pups. They can sleep in the open. I had a big male Coyote come to a fawn bleat this fall. He was stalking me till I saw him first for just a second and he was gone in a flash. If you are going to Coyote hunt this winter, I wish you good hunting!

Deer Track Stew? Coyotes Eating Your Venison Again?

Not very tasty, I can assure you.  Some guy with hoofs on a stick puts them every where? Doesn’t this guy sleep? As a kid that is sometimes what I thought when hunting with my Dad.

Really, I did see a small doe and a yearling in my crosshairs the other day and let them pass. I have been inoculating my hunting spot with estrous deer scent and yesterday I see that an adult buck is showing interest. Nearby rubs are on 2 to 3 inch saplings and scrapes are nearby too. I will add an update with photos of the rub.  I put some estrous scent on the scrapes and hope that this buck finds it. Back to this spot in the afternoon? Meantime I promise the wife to button up the yard even better for the winter snow.

I have seen no new deer droppings in oak groves deep in the woods but I have seen old and new Coyote dung piles everywhere the deer are. In fact I see coyote tracks following deer incessantly. Coyotes are eating my deer and yours! Remember Coyotes are 1/3 Wolf here in the Northeast proven by genetic analysis. The Coyotes are larger, bigger jaws for crushing bone.

Coyote Calibers


Coyotes compete with we humans for venison, a simple fact.  If you leave the Coyotes alone, these pesky critters will eat your downed deer if you don’t retrieve your game right away, and they will eat all the whitetail deer spring fawn crop leaving nothing for you to hunt. (NH Coyote Photo by Mark Nangeroni and enhanced by the Author) So many hunters are spending time after deer season to hunt them. The truth be known, I am a novice at coyote hunting but am a pretty good NH deer hunter when time allows. So I am going to pursue these critters. Rifles that are good at killing a Coyote may not be the best to leave the skin intact for a fur pelt. Varmint calibers like the 22-250 are great long distance calibers but be careful of bullet heads that blow up on contact. They are not the best, in my opinion. Use a solid or expanding hunting bullet. Cartridges that I would recommend are those that leave a clean hole on entrance and exit.  The 22 long rifle cartridge, used in a rifle, is a gun that can kill cleanly when the proper round is chosen and the distance is less than 100 yards. I watched a video of a frozen lamb shoulder fully penetrated at 300 yards with a 22 LR but the bullet must have fallen a number of feet before hitting the target. I like the Velocitor by CCI because it is very fast 1435 fps with a 40 grain head and has sufficient energy and bullet momentum to kill at distances of out to 100 yards, so some experts say. Check the web out. See photo below.

I would prefer shots within 100 yards and 50 yards or less being ideal for this round. Below is a Ammo chart I created of .22 rounds and energies offered.

Ammo Type       Muzzle E          E 50 y           E 75 y          E 100y
CCI Std Vel 40g 102 86 80 75
CCI Mini-Mag Solid 40g 135 107 97 89
CCI Mini-Mag HP 36g 127 99 90 82
CCI Velocitor 40g HP 183 137 121 108
CCI Stinger 32g HP 191 142 123 107

There are many other calibers in the .22 category that will do the job even better than the 22 Long Rifle at longer distances such as the 22 magnum or a big step up to the 22-250, .222 or .223 for example.  AR platforms are terrific in .223 for shooting multiple Coyotes as in the U-tube below.

Deer calibers like 30-06 and .270 and 6mm or 6.5mm rounds are fine for yote hunting during the day.

I am interested first in ridding the woods of the excess of these predators that compete with  my venison and will not worry about the pelt till the Coyote is on the ground. So grab your deer rifle if that is all you have and your hunting license and follow the hunting rules and get some of these predators. Night time hunting is allowed in New Hampshire with land owner written permission, baiting is possible as well if you go on to the NH F&G website you can see the rules and locate the forms you need for F&G and for the landowner.

Yotes do have a place in the scheme of things, just not enough to destroy the deer herds.  They must be managed.

If you want to see some great Coyote hunts just look them up on U-TUBE Coyote Hunting. Great video. A friend has loaned me his .257 Roberts for yote hunting and it will take-em out to 300 yards in daytime without changing the aim-point when zeroed at 250 yards (max point blank range). A hunting friend and I have a .22 LR too that shoots the Velocitor’s out of semi-auto’s very well. Good Hunting! Ed ©

Wolf in Coyote Clothing?


There were three shots from muzzle loaders heard high on a hill in Southern NH a few weeks back, and not far from me on opening day of Muzzle Loader season. As I hunted my way toward the shots, I found no hunters, and no deer on the ground. two more shots rang out from smoke poles in the distance. Two hunters at least, I mused.  An hour later, I ran into a hunter that had friends in the woods in a different area who were after a big whiley Buck living in the swamp, swale-grass, and brush and brambles so thick you could not see 5 yards. Good luck to them, I thought.  We talked a bit as hunters often do when we meet while on stand. Shhh, my new hunting friend said, “Did you hear that” Yes, I could distinctly hear a Coyote howl in the far distance, perhaps on the trail of a wounded deer.  Hey, I said, “from those shots up on the hill”. You bet! Coyotes eat mice and voles and turkeys, and pets, when they can’t kill a deer, their preferred food.

I first published this article in a shorter form in Hawkeye News in New Hampshire and expanded it here for NH Rifleman readers. Recent genetic DNA evidence proves the Northeast Coyote is not coyote at all but part coyote and part wolf.  Yes you heard that right part Wolf, try 1/3 wolf or more and increasing. “Eastern coyotes typically weigh 30-50 pounds and are 48-60 inches long, approximately twice the size of their close relative, the western coyote. Eastern coyotes have long legs, thick fur, a pointy snout, a drooping bushy black-tipped tail and range in color from a silvery gray to a grizzled, brownish red. The average life span of a wild coyote is four years. (Less, if I have the opportunity) Though coyotes are often mistaken for a domestic dog hybrid, recent genetic research has attributed the eastern coyote’s larger size and unique behavioral characteristics to interbreeding with Canadian gray wolves. Unlike the wolf or domestic dog, coyotes run with their tail pointing down.”

As part of my research I learned that there are basically two species of wolf in the world, the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) and the Red Wolf (Canis rufus) and both can mate and produce offspring hybrids (mixes) of wolf.  Furthermore they can mate and produce offspring with the eastern Coyote (Canis latrans var) as you will see later.  For Scientists, this new DNA data is throwing a curveball at them.  Example: was the eastern Coyote really Canis latrans and later to become Canis latrans var. a hybrid Coywolf instead. Var. is for Variation.

New studies demonstrate that the Coyote is in the midst of an “adaptive evolution” according to a fully released February 2010 article published by Royal Society Publishing in a format called “Biology Letters” and entitled “Rapid adaptive evolution of northeastern coyotes via hybridization with wolves” by Roland Kays, Abigail Curtis, and Jeremy Kirchman see web site . I quote under the header Discussion in the article:

 The ecological differences between western and northeastern coyotes, on average, are that northeastern animals eat more deer (Odocoileus sp.) but fewer small mammals (Parker 1995), and show no avoidance of forested habitats (Kays et al. 2008). The larger body size of northeastern coyotes is widely accepted as advantageous for hunting large prey, but there has been debate about the origin of this variation through hybridization versus phenotypic plasticity (Lariviere & Crete 1993; Peterson & Thurber 1993). Our results show that northeastern coyote populations are a hybrid swarm resulting from the widespread introgression of GLW (Great Lakes Wolf) genes. This suggests that hybridization introduced genetic variation for the rapid adaptation of more efficient predation on deer, including larger predator body size and skull dimensions. This is further supported by our finding that northeastern coyotes were larger than those from Ohio, which are living in similar eastern forests, but have not hybridized with wolves. Mitochondrial genes are surely not responsible for the large body size, so the observed associations of particular haplotypes with skull morphology suggest that this hybrid swarm is young.”

Further quotes: “Northeastern coyote skulls are not simply larger versions of their western relatives, but show additional craniodental characteristics similar to wolves, supporting the hypothesis of the introgression of genetic variation; northeastern skulls are proportionally broader, with greater areas of attachment for masticatory musculature. In large-prey hunters, such as wolves, these traits are associated with strong bite forces and resistance to the mechanical stresses imposed by large, struggling prey (Slater et al. 2009). Furthermore, the sexual dimorphism we found in northeastern coyotes is absent in western coyotes, but similar to that reported for wolves (Gittleman & Van Valkenburgh 1997). We suggest that these traits confer similar adaptive advantages in northeastern coyotes and allow them to be more proficient in the capture of deer than western and Ohio coyotes. These adaptations presumably allowed the rapid movement of coyote-wolves through Ontario, in comparison with the slower colonization rate of the smaller non-hybridized coyotes across Ohio.”

So what does this information mean to me as a hunter?  It means this Coywolf is a highly adaptive aggressive Canid is on a continuing evolutionary path that places it in direct competition for deer meat in my freezer and whatever else it wants to eat.  If you did not hunt coywolves this year then don’t cry and whine that you didn’t see any deer to shoot this fall.  Get off your duff and go hunt some coywolves. If you want to continue to call them yotes then fine, just remember your “yote” is part wolf and if your deer is down this fall don’t be surprised to see “yotes” devouring it if you don’t find it right away. It has happened to me and I was not a happy hunter that day. All that was left after a nine hour overnight was the spine.

I am not a regular predator hunter but it is increasingly important to hunt these Coyotes with wolf genetics as they have made a highly significant impact in the reduction of spring fawn crops of the eastern whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus ). But you can’t relax one bit because they adapt by having more litters.

So, it is not just fun to hunt these adaptive critters, but that we compete for the same venison. In larger packs or by themselves these wild candid’s will kill domestic pets even while the pet owner takes the dog or cat for a potty call even while on a leash.

Given the fact that they eat my freezer meat, I want to introduce them to a fast rifle bullet along the way and plan to winter hunt these critters.  Rifles and cartridges that can kill a coyote cleanly are plentiful, in fact any deer rifle will do, but there has always been a following for really fast stuff like a 100 grain .270 shooting 3200 fps down to the .22 Long Rifle. I have a .257 Roberts that I have garnered for such an occasion.  It shoots sub-sub moa groups consistently at 100 yards and at about 3000 fps at the muzzle a 100 grain pills maximum point blank range is 290 yards when zeroed at around 250 yards. That means that any yote out to almost 300 yards is a gonner when struck by a pill still whooping along at 2300 fps and 1100 ft-lbs of energy at that distance.  Perhaps the best Coyote rifle is an AR platform in say a .223 that will take down more than one yote at a time with no discernible recoil between shots. Many traditional hunters stay with traditional rifles. I am one of those. Coyote pelts can be frozen if prepared properly, and then sent out for tanning. I have used pickling alum on some deer hides and would work well here, aside of professional tanning. Good Hunting! Ed  ©